This report has been updated, you can read the latest numbers and statistics from the second release of the Arab Social Media Report here.
Now that the situation in Egypt is slowly going back to normal (and other countries going into their own revolutions) no one, at least from the MENA region, can deny the power of social media and the effects it could have. But how much do we really know about social media use in the MENA region? Do we have a complete view of the demographics on Facebook? The conditions that affect the number of users on social media networks?
Thankfully A recent report compiled and published by the Dubai School of Government’s Governance and Innovation Program sheds some light on the statistics of Facebook users in the MENA region and analyzes the use of Facebook according to data collected between April and December 2010 from the following age brackets: youths (15-29) and adults (30 and over) as well as by gender, and correlated with several factors, including digital access, gender gaps, youth population, and Internet freedom.
Here is a quick overview of the report’s findings:
- The total number of Facebook users in the Arab world stands at 21,361,863 (Dec. 2010), up from 11,978,300 (Jan. 2010). A 78% annual growth rate.
- At the end of 2010, the country average for Facebook user penetration in the Arab region was 6.77%.
- The UAE has the highest penetration rate in the Arab region, with more than 45% of the population having Facebook accounts.
- GCC countries dominate the top five Arab Facebook users as percentage of population, with Lebanon being the only exception.
- With around 4.7 million Facebook users, Egypt constitutes about 22% of total users in the Arab region. Youth (between the ages of 15 and 29) make up 75% of Facebook users in the Arab region.
- Gender breakdown of Facebook users indicates an average 2:1 ratio of male to female users in the Arab region, compared to almost 1:1 globally.
Below are some charts and tables from the report that highlight some major points about the usage of Facebook:
Top 10 Countries by Facebook penetration
The UAE has over 45% of its population on Facebook which puts it in the global top 10 ranking. But keep in mind this is in terms of percentages, the total number of users on Facebook is only just over 2 million users.
Demographic Breakdown of Facebook Users in the MENA Region (Dec. 2010)
UAE, Qatar and Kuwait have the most balanced age distribution.
Gender Breakdown of Facebook Users in MENA region (Dec. 2010)
All MENA countries are male dominated by Facebook penetration due to social or the cultural restraints in the region.
Facebook and Internet Penetration Rates in the MENA region
This graph has some interesting facts about Facebook usage in the MENA region, it clearly shows that internet penetration is not related with Facebook penetration, especially in the case of Iraq and Djibouti, where Facebook penetration is actually higher than internet penetration! The report states that the reason is that more people from those countries access the social network from their mobiles. That might be true in the case of Iraq but why Djibouti? Now I’m not an expert on Djoubti, but for some reason I doubt that users are logging in from their mobiles. I’m interested to know how they calculate internet penetration and wonder if people logging in from internet cafe’s has anything to do with it? (Or if there is any other factor)
Facebook Users and Country Population in the MENA region
I’m surprised at the level of penetrations in the bigger nations and wonder if there are any reasons why they have lower numbers on Facebook. I mean there are a number of countries especially Egypt, Morocco, Algeria, Sudan that all have populations over 30 million people yet their penetration percentages are really low. It would be interesting to see how or what methods Facebook will apply to try to win these people over if possible, because it could be more of an education/literacy issue that is actually bigger than Facebook.
Finally an important note in the report is that other factors such as GDP per capita and internet freedom have no effect on Facebook penetration numbers.
If you have any feedback or thoughts please let us know below in the comment box.